Combinations of Mutations Sufficient to Alter Arabidopsis Leaf Dissection.

Leaves show a wide range of shapes that results from the combinatory variations of two main parameters: the relative duration of the morphogenetic phase and the pattern of dissection of the leaf margin. To further understand the mechanisms controlling leaf shape, we have studied the interactions between several loci leading to increased dissection of the Arabidopsis leaf margins. Thus, we have used (i) mutants in which miR164 regulation of the CUC2 gene is impaired, (ii) plants overexpressing miR319/miRJAW that down-regulates multiple TCP genes and (iii) plants overexpressing the STIMPY/WOX9 gene. Through the analysis of their effects on leaf shape and KNOX I gene expression, we show that these loci act in different pathways. We show, in particular, that they have synergetic effects and that plants combining two or three of these loci show dramatic modifications of their leaf shapes. Finally, we present a working model for the role of these loci during leaf development.

Plants (Basel), 2013, 2(2):230-47.

DOI: 10.3390/plants2020230

more ...

Leaving the meristem behind: the genetic and molecular control of leaf patterning and morphogenesis.

Leaves, which play an essential role in plant photosynthesis, share common features such as being flat structures, but also show an impressive variability in their sizes and shapes. Following its initiation in the meristems, leaf development is patterned along three polarization axes to establish its basic architecture. This process is further complicated in the case of compound leaves with the formation of new growth axes. Growth and differentiation must be properly coordinated to regulate the size and the flatness of the leaf. This review provides an overview of the genetic and molecular regulatory networks underlying leaf development, with an emphasis on leaf polarity and the comparison of simple and compound leaves.

C R Biol, 2010, 333(4):350-60.

DOI: 10.1016/j.crvi.2010.01.013

more ...